Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·​(C4H6)y·​(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer. Its glass transition temperature is approximately 105 °C (221 °F). ABS is amorphous and therefore has no true melting point.

ABS is a terpolymer made by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. The proportions can vary from 15% to 35% acrylonitrile, 5% to 30% butadiene and 40% to 60% styrene. The result is a long chain of polybutadiene crisscrossed with shorter chains of poly (styrene-co-acrylonitrile).

ABS provides favorable mechanical properties such as impact resistance, toughness, and rigidity when compared with other common polymers. A variety of modifications can be made to improve impact resistance, toughness, and heat resistance. The impact resistance can be amplified by increasing the proportions of polybutadiene in relation to styrene and also acrylonitrile, although this causes changes in other properties. Impact resistance does not fall off rapidly at lower temperatures. Stability under load is excellent with limited loads. Thus, by changing the proportions of its components, ABS can be prepared in different grades. Two major categories could be ABS for extrusion and ABS for injection molding, then high and medium impact resistance.



GRADE MFI(gr/10min)(5kg) Vicat Softening Point 50°C/hr(1kg) IZOD IMPACT
HR2320 1.2 103 20 Automotive Parts,Heat Resistant Home Appliances
HR2340 1 112 40 Automotive Parts,Heat Resistant Home Appliances
HR0370 1.2 102 17 Automotive interior ,Cockpit module parts, Power window, Switch panel, Pull handle
SD0140 3.2 97 23 Office Supplies,Home Appliances Casing
SD0150 1.7 99 22 General Injection,Home Appliances Casing
SD0152 2.4 99 23 General Injection,Home Appliances Casing
SD0157 0.5 100.5 31 Extrusion,Refrigeretor Liners
SH0150 1.1 100 22 Parts with significant impact resistance, general sheets
VH0800D 5.8 85 15.5 TV Monitor , Wiring devices
HM0560 2.5 107 13 watches, toys,  cassette recorders and etc.
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